The Rwandan genocide was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi men, women and children in Rwanda by the members of the Hutu majority government.
An estimated 800,000 individuals were killed from April 7 to mid-July 1994.
On April 6, 1994, a plane carrying Hutu president Habyarimana, was shot down killing everyone on board. Hutu believed it was the Tutsi and used it as a reason to ensue violence.
Around 200,000 people participated in the genocide. Participants were given incentives in the form of money, food or land to kill Tutsis.
UN secretary-general Boutros-Ghali, in his role as Egyptian foreign minister, facilitated a large sale of arms from Egypt used in the genocide.
Mostly machetes, knives and clubs were used for killing. Some were given the option of buying a bullet so that their death would be quicker and less painful.
Between 250,000 and 500,000 women were raped during the 100 days of genocide. As many as 20,000 children were born from these rapes.
Before the genocide, there were around 1.1 million to 1.2 million Tutsis and Hutus in Rwanda. After the genocide, only 300,000 to 400,000 were left.
General Romeo Dallaire, commander of UNAMIR anticipated a civil war 3 months prior to the mass killing. But UN told him not to intervene.
The civil war and the genocide ended when the Tutsi-dominated rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front, defeated the Hutu regime.
The leaders of the genocide later faced a trial in an international war crimes tribunal, set up in Arusha, Tanzania.