Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 and was the leader of the Indian Independence movement in British ruled India.
The honorific “Mahatma” (high soul) was applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa and is now used worldwide.
He is also known as Bapu (father) and is unofficially called the father of the Indian nation.
Gandhi’s birthday, 2 October, is commemorated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday and worldwide as the International Day of Nonviolence.
He was married when he was 13 years old to Kasturbai Makanii.
In 1906 he began Satyagraha campaign in South Africa to protest the requirement that Indians must be fingerprinted and carry identification.
Gandhi helped establish 3 football clubs in Durban, Pretoria and Johannesburg all of which were named “Passive Resisters Soccer Club”.
In 1919, he instituted Satygraha campaign in India to protest the Rowalt acts, which deprived Indians of important civil liberties.
Mahatma Gandhi was responsible for the civil rights movement in 4 continents and 12 countries.
Mahatma Gandhi ended his non-cooperation movement against British empire after his followers were involved in a series of riots in 1922.
Mahatma Gandhi walked almost 18 kilometers a day throughout his lifetime, which is enough to walk around the world twice.
In 1942, he launched quit India movement against British Raj.
Great Britain released a stamp honoring Mahatma Gandhi 21 years after his death.
Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for noble peace prize for five times but never won.
In January 30, 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
The funeral procession of Mahatma Gandhi was 8 kilometers long.